Colonic Microbiota, Nutrition and Health

Colonic Microbiota Nutrition and Health MARCEL B ROBERFROID AND GLENN R GIBSON Universite Catholique de Louvain Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences Avenue Mounier B Brussels BELGIUM Food Microbial Sciences Unit Depart

  • Title: Colonic Microbiota, Nutrition and Health
  • Author: Glenn R. Gibson
  • ISBN: 9780412798801
  • Page: 119
  • Format: Hardcover
  • 1 2 MARCEL B ROBERFROID AND GLENN R GIBSON 1 Universite Catholique de Louvain, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Avenue Mounier 73, B 1200 Brussels, BELGIUM 2 Food Microbial Sciences Unit, Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Reading, Reading, UK It is clear that diet fulfils a number of important human requirements These include the provisi1 2 MARCEL B ROBERFROID AND GLENN R GIBSON 1 Universite Catholique de Louvain, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Avenue Mounier 73, B 1200 Brussels, BELGIUM 2 Food Microbial Sciences Unit, Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Reading, Reading, UK It is clear that diet fulfils a number of important human requirements These include the provision of sufficient nutrients to meet the requirements of essential metabolic pathways, as well as the sensory and social values associated with eating It is also evident that diet may control and modulate various body functions in a manner that can reduce the risk of certain diseases This very broad view of nutrition has led to the development of foodstuffs with added functionality Many different definitions of functional foods have arisen Most of these complicate the simple issue that a functional food is merely a dietary ingredient s that can have positive properties above its normal nutritional value Other terms used to describe such foods include vitafoods, nutraceuticals, pharmafoods, foods for specified health use, health foods, designer foods, etc Despite some trepidation, the concept has recently attracted much interest through a vast number of articles in both the popular and scientific media.

    A Dietary Fiber Deprived Gut Microbiota Degrades the A Dietary Fiber Deprived Gut Microbiota Degrades the Colonic Mucus Barrier and Enhances Pathogen Susceptibility Gut flora Gut flora, or gut microbiota, or gastrointestinal microbiota, is the complex community of microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans and other animals, including insects The gut metagenome is the aggregate of all the genomes of gut microbiota The gut is one niche that human microbiota inhabit. The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease ScienceDirect Infection with Clostridium difficile The pathological overgrowth of C difficile is usually related to antibiotic associated diarrhea, which is one of the most frequent complications following antibiotic administration and which is now a growing public health threat C difficile is an anaerobic, gram positive, spore forming bacillus that is a component of the human gut microbiota. Gut Flora an overview ScienceDirect Topics H Wekerle, R Hohlfeld, in Translational Neuroimmunology in Multiple Sclerosis, . Potential Mechanisms of Immune Modulation in the Gut Traditionally our commensal gut flora was discounted as a bacterial mass filling our gut lumina without much function other than contributing to the digestion of foodstuff This simplistic concept had to be revised radically over the past few years. Home th World Congress on Targeting Microbiota Press release December , , Tokyo, Japan International Society of Microbiota ISM announces the winner of the prestigious award for his exceptionnal scientific and medical contribution for the year , Prof Jan Mazela from Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland. reasons you should care about your poop health Are your reasons you should care about your poop health Are your eating and lifestyle habits really working Just ask your poo. Fecal microbiota transplant Fecal microbiota transplant FMT , also known as a stool transplant, is the process of transplantation of fecal bacteria from a healthy individual into a recipient FMT involves restoration of the colonic microflora by introducing healthy bacterial flora through infusion of stool, e.g by colonoscopy, enema, orogastric tube or by mouth in the form of a capsule containing freeze dried material Prebiotic Effects of Xylooligosaccharides on the School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Taipei Medical University, No , Wuxing Street, Taipei City , Taiwan Department of Dietetics and Nutrition The Ketogenic Diet for Health The evolutionary argument Since our brain energy needs are met perfectly well with either a high glucose intake or a low glucose intake, it cannot be reasonable argued that our large brains must have developed under conditions of high glucose intake. Tuscany Diet Biochemistry and Nutrition Biochemistry and Nutrition Gluconeogenesis contents in brief What is gluconeogenesis Why is gluconeogenesis important

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